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Abraham was a messenger of God, and like all the messengers, they affirmed the self-evident nature of God; the creator of everything that exists. The Qur’an presents this affirmation in the following rhetorical question:
“Their messengers said, ‘Can there be doubt about Allah, Creator of the heavens and earth?’”
The Qur’an, Chapter 14, Verse 10
Notwithstanding the self-evident nature of God’s existence, Abraham also engaged in intellectual arguments to make a case for God. He rhetorically presented the following argument:
“So when the night covered him [with darkness], he saw a star. He said, ‘This is my lord.’ But when it set, he said, ‘I like not those that disappear.’ And when he saw the moon rising, he said, ‘This is my lord.’ But when it set, he said, ‘Unless my Lord guides me, I will surely be among the people gone astray.’ And when he saw the sun rising, he said, ‘This is my lord; this is greater.’ But when it set, he said, ‘O my people, indeed I am free from what you associate with Allah. Indeed, I have turned my face toward He who created the heavens and the earth, inclining toward truth, and I am not of those who associate others with Allah.’” The Qur’an, Chapter 6, Verse 76 to 80
In summary, Abraham argued that the star, moon and sun cannot be the creator because they set. In other words, they are dependent and contingent. The universe and everything within it is contingent, and the universe and all that we perceive can only be explained by an independent, eternal and necessary being.
Abraham called humanity back to their creator. To reconnect their hearts to God and affirm that He deserves to be worshipped.
“Remember Abraham said: ‘O my Lord! make this city one of peace and security: and preserve me and my sons from worshipping idols.’” The Qur’an, Chapter 14, verse 35
God deserves worship by virtue of His own existence. In other words, He deserves worship because of who He is. God also deserves worship because He created us and the blessing we receive.
Discussing and answering the questions: Why should I believe that Allah (SWT) created me? Why should I choose to worship Allah (SWT) over everything else? Why should I place my faith in Him? How do I find myself, my purpose, my goals through worshiping Allah?
Truth becomes manifest in every human being’s life at one point or another. What should one do at that point? The story of these people makes it clear. Once truth became clear to them, they didn’t hide, they didn’t retreat, they were not afraid. They became firm in their faith. They stood up for what they believed in. Quran expresses this state with the words “Qamoo”, i.e. they became firm and stood up for what they believed. They declared their faith as in “Fa-Qaloo” — They declared the truth as in “Rabbuna Rabbu Assamawati Wal-Ardh” (our lord is the lord of heavens and Earth). We should never be satisfied with the status-quo. The forces of evil maybe gigantic and seemingly powerful, but can never stand to the inherent power of truth (“Haque”). Falsehood (“Baatil”) is inherently week no matter how powerful it may seem.
“Every soul shall taste death.” Qur’an 29:57. “Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!” Qur’an 4:78.
Death is the reality from which none can escape. It draws nearer every day; every hour; every minute. According to the CIA’s The World Factbook 2007, almost two people die each second. Death is not a disaster, but simply a passing from this world onto the next. It should make us reflect and ponder about the purpose of life, and what will become of us after death.
Hamza Tzortzis presents the role of Islam in society from a number of different perspectives during Day 1 of his powerful lecture series “Classified” held at Fanar – Qatar Islamic Cultural Center on 7th – 10th of December 2012.