Assalamualaikum….i had just one question regarding what Brother Anwar said about missing fasts without a valid reason. I remember reading a hadith that said (essentially) that anyone who misses or breaks a fast without a valid reason, even if he/she were to fast 1000 fasts afterwards, it would never be accepted from them….maybe this is not a reliable hadith? Can someone clarify for me please?
وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته dear respected Sister in Islaam.
That is a very good question. The Hadeeth you are referring to is as follows: من أفطر يوما من رمضان من غير رخصة ولا مرض, لم يقض عنه صوم الدهر كله وإن صانه. (أحمد وأبو داود والترمذي) – Whoever misses a fast of Ramadaan without any valid excuse or illness, then even if they fast for an entire lifetime, it will not atone for the (missed) fast. (Ahmad, Aboo Daawood, & at-Tirmidhee)
What this Hadeeth is referring to is that the reward and virtue of the fast is unattainable once it is lost by skipping the fast initially. The obligation of the fast however, will be absolved by making-up the fast.
As we know, for doing different types of `ibaadah (worship), there are two dimensions as far as what we get in return is concerned. One is the aspect of its accountability and the other is the actual virtue and reward. So after one makes-up their fast that they missed (without a valid excuse), then although their accountability is taken care of, they are unable to attain the enormous blessings of fasting that they could have received should they have fasted initially. This is very similar to making up prayers as well. When we make-up a prayer that we missed, although we take care of the accountability of it (i.e. we will not be held liable for missing that prayer on the Day of Judgement when we are audited for our duties of worship), we do not tap into the numerous virtues and rewards that one gets by praying on time.
So to recap, when doing any particular `ibaadah (act of worship) that is obligatory upon us, there is the accountability and the reward. When doing them on time, we get both the duty uplifted from us, along with receiving the reward. By making-up the fasts and prayers, we are no longer liable for the obligation (duty is removed from us); however, we miss-out on the reward aspect of it.
I hope that helps and clears things up. I hope I did not confuse you further. Perhaps speaking to your Imaam or a Scholar can help as well.
جزاك الله خيرا – May ALLAAH reward you for the question and seeking Knowledge.
I love how he usually breaks things down so practically.
بارك الله فيه – May ALLAAH bless him for all his hard work for the Deen all these years.
February 2, 2016
October 20, 2015
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